A brief description of modern agriculture that is a technology or innovation in agriculture that is more advanced, in terms of machinery, pest control until harvest and post-harvest. What distinguishes modern agriculture from traditional agriculture is the treatment and treatment in the process of cultivation.
Technology that is developing in Indonesia is getting more advanced, relatively fast, Indonesian agriculture can keep up with other countries. Modern agriculture that is currently running has an impact or response on farmers and ranchers for their use as their work.
Basically we can see from a number of things that can be valued from modern agriculture. Factors that support modern agriculture are Human Resources (HR), high quality seeds, quality fisheries and livestock farming, and high-tech mechanization.
The goal of modern agriculture are:
a. Path to the success of modernity
If the yields from more and more crops are considered advanced. In Indonesia alone the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is part of the Green Revolution which became an ambitious project of the New Order, to spur agricultural production using modern technology.
b. Optimization of agricultural products
The concept of modern agriculture not only discusses efforts to meet the needs of human food and breeding of agricultural species, but has been more towards how to optimize farming efforts to produce quality food. What is highly considered from the harvest is both in terms of quality and quantity.
c. Merging existing concepts
Improvement of agricultural technology so that agriculture runs more effectively and efficiently is being pursued. And now the development of the agricultural concept used is, by combining the two initial concepts that seem to work independently.
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Hydroponics has recently been widely used in Indonesia, the basic concept of hydroponics has actually been known for a long time. Hydroponics is used by scientists to examine plants that are based on water, but it is different again when discussed for today, hydroponic agriculture that is classified as modern is already familiar for now. that is, the replacement of planting media from soil to water produces the same crop yields as even better soil media.
Integration of agricultural automation
Although classified as unfamiliar, this concept already exists in Indonesia, namely the planting of certain sensors such as humidity sensor, soil temperature, ph sensor and many others on large agricultural land, then equipped with a remote wireless transmitter that transmits signals to the main station to get data or directly connected to water pumping machines and the like this can save a lot of time and money
Modern horticultural agriculture
The definition of Horticulture (horticulture) comes from the Latin hortus, which means garden plants and culture / colere, meaning cultivation, so it can be interpreted as the cultivation of garden plants. The term horticulture is used on the type of plant cultivated. Fields of horticulture work include hatcheries, nurseries, tissue culture, crop production, pests and diseases, harvesting, packaging and distribution. Horticulture is one of the methods of modern agricultural cultivation.
Horticulture is a branch of agronomy. Unlike agronomy, horticulture focuses on the cultivation of fruit plants (pomology / fruticulture), flower plants (floriculture), vegetable plants (olericulture), herbal plants (biopharmaca), and parks (landscaping). One characteristic of horticultural products is perisabel or easily damaged because it is fresh.
Horticulture is a blend of science, technology, art, and economics. The practice of modern horticultural agriculture develops based on the development of knowledge that produces technology to produce and handle horticultural commodities aimed at gaining economic benefits and personal enjoyment.